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Applied Thermodynamics & HVAC

Air Compressor Study Unit

Model No: WT01

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Air Compressor Study Unit is designed for the study of two-stage air compressor. The characteristics of compressed air flow through different types of flow arrangement are investigated.

This unit consists of:

  • Two-stage air compressor
  • Intercoolers
  • Air receiver tank
  • Air flow orifice with different diameters
  • Pipes with different profiles

Experimental capabilities:

  • Investigation of the performance of two-stage air compressor
  • Pressure losses study in different pipe profiles
  • Demonstration of air flow measurement using orifice
  • P-V diagram demonstration (optional)

Air Conditioner Trainer

Model No: RF170

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Air Conditioner Trainer has been designed with industrial type components to demonstrate the working principle of an actual air conditioning system.

This unit consists of:

  • Compressor
  • Water Cooled Chiller
  • Condenser
  • Evaporator
  • Cooling Tower

Experimental capabilities:

  • Identification of operation and control components
  • Function of operational and control components
  • Correction of electrical control components with circuit symbol,
    wattmeter, ammeter and voltmeter incorporated
  • Troubleshooting, diagnosis and correction of system malfunction

Air Conditioning Laboratory Unit

Model No: AC01

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

The Air Conditioning Laboratory Unit is designed to demonstrate the working principles of air conditioning system.

This unit consists of:

  • Variable speed air blower
  • Air humidifier
  • Air pre-heater
  • Air cooler/refrigerator
  • Air re-heater

Supplied with:

  • Study of the end state properties of each air conditioning components
  • Study of the vapor compression refrigeration system
  • Determination of thermodynamic properties

Boiler Simulator

Model No: TH01

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Boiler Simulator is designed to enable students to investigate parameters governing the utilization and maintenance of a thermal boiler.

This unit consists of:

  • Boiler body
  • Electrical control board
  • Fault generator
  • Sump and process tanks
  • Burner
  • Pumps

Experimental capabilities:

  • Demonstration and investigation of automatic operation of gas/oil burner with electronic control box and service accessories complete with fuel commutator
  • Fault simulation
  • High pressure and temperature simulations

Boyle’s Law Apparatus

Model No: TH10

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Boyle’s Law Apparatus is designed for demonstration of Boyle’s Law.

This unit consists of:

  • Measuring cylinder
  • Pressure cylinder
  • Vacuum/air pump
  • Pressure gauge

Experimental capabilities:

  • Demonstration of Boyle’s Law
  • Demonstration of Ideal Gas Equation of State

Cascade Refrigeration Trainer System

Model No: RF169

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Cascade Refrigeration Trainer System has been designed with industrial type components to demonstrate the working principle of cascade refrigeration.

This unit consists of:

  • HFC Compressor
  • CO2 Subcritical Compressor
  • Heat Exchanger
  • Air-Cooled Condenser
  • Pressure Transmitter

Experimental capabilities:

  • Refrigeration effects on cascade cycle
  • System work outputs
  • Measuring and determining actual C.O.P.(coefficient of performance)
  • Measuring and determining Carnot C.O.P.
  • Understanding the theory and practical: understand the variant and comparing both C.O.P
  • Determine relative C.O.P
  • Calculation ton of refrigeration
  • Analysis on plant efficiency

Combustion Laboratory Unit

Model No: CO01

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Combustion Laboratory Unit is designed for study of combustion process using a small scale unit based on an industrial dual fuel burner.

This unit consists of:

  • Dual fuel burner (light liquid/gas)
  • Water jacketed combustion chamber
  • Fuel and air flow measuring devices
  • Exhaust duct
  • Temperature and pressure sensors
  • Optional flue gas analyzer

Experimental capabilities:

  • Flame assessment (flame stability, shape, radiation)
  • Smoke emission comparison
  • Effect of air/fuel ratio on the efficiency of combustion

Engine Test Bed

Model No: TH03

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Engine Test Bed is a floor mounted unit designed for the study of air cooled internal combustion engines.

This unit consists of:

  • Eddy Current Dynamometer
  • Fuel and air flow measuring devices
  • Instrumentations for engine speed, torque and power measurement
  • Temperature sensors at various locations
  • Control/monitoring station
  • Two different single cylinder engines are available and interchangeable with engine service unit:

 i) Four Stroke Petrol Engine
ii) Four Stroke Diesel Engine

Experimental capabilities:

  • Engine parameters study
  • Engine performance curve study
  • Engine efficiency and air/fuel consumption study

Flame Propagation and Stability Unit

Model No: GE02

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Flame Propagation and Stability Unit is specially designed for experiments on the characteristics of flames.

This unit consists of:

  • Flame stability system
  • Flame speed system

Experimental capabilities:

  • Qualitative and quantitative observations of flame propagation and stability
  • Demonstration of flame lift off and flame light back
  • Construction of flame stability diagrams
  • Investigation on the methods to improve flame stability limits
  • Effect of air/fuel ratio on the flame speed for different slow burning gaseous fuels
  • Studies on flame arresting quenching and stability methods
  • Investigation on horizontal and vertical flame movement
  • Effects of directional and cross-sectional changes on flame speed

 

 

    Gas Absorption Refrigeration Unit

    Model No: RF10

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Gas Absorption Refrigeration Unit is a laboratory benchtop unit for the demonstration of gas absorption refrigeration.

    This unit consists of:

    • Boiler
    • Condenser
    • Evaporator
    • Gas heat exchanger
    • Absorber
    • Liquid heat exchanger

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Principles of a gas absorption refrigeration system
    • Operation of a gas absorption refrigeration unit using either electricity or fuel gas as heat source
    • Demonstration of refrigeration process
    • Measurement of temperature points along the absorption refrigeration process
    • Effect of air circulation and thermostat control on the process temperature

    Heat Pump Reverse Cycle

    Model No: AC153

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Heat Pump Reverse Cycle is designed for demonstration of reverse direction of basic refrigeration cycle used by an air conditioner.

    This unit consists of:

    • Indoor Unit – Wall Mounted Duct Type
    • Outdoor Unit – Inverter Reverse Cycle

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Demonstration of reverse direction of air-conditioning system
    • Demonstration in repairing, servicing and maintenance using industrial grade instrumentation tools

    Industrial Air Conditioning and Ventilation Unit

    Model No: AC10

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Industrial Air Conditioning and Ventilation Unit is designed for complete training in principles of air conditioning and ventilation system. The unit is used to demonstrate the air conditioning processes and allows student to investigate the air recirculation and mixing, dynamic humidity, and temperature.

    This unit consists of:

    • Main air conditioning unit
    • Environmental test chamber

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Demonstration of the working principle of air conditioning and ventilation processes
    • Demonstration of industrial components used in heating, cooling, humidification, and dehumidification in an air stream
    • Investigation of effect of different ventilation ducting parts to an air conditioning unit
    • Determination of volumetric efficiency of the air conditioning compressor under different load
    • Investigation on the effect of closed loop or open loop air conditioning operation on power consumption
    • Investigation of the enthalpy of mixing of streams
    • Study of the comfort levels associated with different humidity and temperature in the psychometric test chamber

    Mechanical Heat Pump

    Model No: HE165

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Mechanical Heat Pump is designed to provide students with a practical and quantitative demonstration of the vapour compression cycle.

    This unit consists of:

    • Fully hermetic single cylinder reciprocating type compressor
    • Plate heat exchanger
    • Fan cooled / continuous tube / external finned evaporator
    • Instrumentation for temperature, flowrates, pressures and motor power measurements

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of power input, heat output and coefficient of performance
    • Production of heat pump performance curves over a range of source and delivery temperatures
    • Production of the vapour compression cycle on a p-h diagram and comparison with the ideal cycle
    • Determination of energy balances for the condenser and compressor
      Production of heat pump performance curves based on the R134a properties at a variety of evaporation and condensation temperatures
    • Estimation of the effect of compressor pressure ration in volumetric efficiency

    Mechanical Heat Pump

    Model No: HE165A

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Mechanical Heat Pump designed to provide students with a practical and quantitative demonstration of the vapour compression cycle.

    This unit consists of:

    • Fully hermetic single cylinder reciprocating type compressor
    • Coaxial condenser
    • Fan cooled / continuous tube / external finned evaporator
    • Instrumentation for temperatures, flowrates, pressures and motor power measurements

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of power input, heat output and coefficient of performance
    • Construction of heat pump performance curves over a range of source and delivery temperatures
    • Construction of the vapour compression cycle on a p-h diagram and comparison with the ideal cycle
    • Determination of energy balances for the condenser and compressor
    • Construction of heat pump performance curves based on the R134a properties at a variety of evaporation and condensation temperatures
    • Estimation of the effect of compressor pressure ratio on volumetric efficiency

    Perfect gas Expansion Apparatus

    Model No: TH11

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Perfect gas Expansion Apparatus is a self-sufficient bench top unit designed to familiarize students with several fundamental thermodynamic processes. Demonstration of the thermodynamic processes is performed with air for a safe and convenient operation.

    This unit consists of:

    • Pressure vessel
    • Vacuum vessel

    Experimental capabilities:

    • First Law of Thermodynamics
    • Second Law of Thermodynamics and its corollaries
    • Observation of P-V-T relationship
    • Observation of responses to different rate of changes in a process

    Equipment Name: Refrigeration Laboratory Unit

    Model No: RF01

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Refrigeration Laboratory Unit is designed to help students to study the performance of a vapour compression cycle under various conditions of evaporator load and condenser pressure.

    This unit consists of:

    • Open-type refrigerant compressor
    • Water cooled condenser
    • Expansion valve
    • Electrically heated evaporator

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Vapor compression cycle diagram at various conditions
    • Energy balance for the refrigerator
    • Effect of different condensing temperatures on refrigerator duty or cooling ability
    • Effect of different condensing temperatures on refrigerator coefficients of performance
    • Effect of different motor power on coefficient of performance
    • Overall heat transfer coefficient for the condenser cooling coil
    • Performance of the thermostatic expansion valve
    • Effect of different condensing temperatures on the heat delivered to the cooling water
    • Effect of different condensing temperatures on coefficient of performance as a heat pump
    • Power input study

    Saturation Vapour Pressure Measurement Unit

    Model No: TH14

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Saturation Vapour Pressure Measurement Unit is designed for study of the relationship between temperature and pressure of saturated vapour of boiling water.

    This unit consists of:

    • Boiler with heating element and sight glass
    • Instrumentation for temperature and pressure measurements

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Observation of boiling patterns at the surface of water
    • Measurement of saturated steam temperature over pressure range of 0 to 5 bar
    • Plotting saturation lines
    • Determination of absolute and gauge pressure
    • Study of the characteristics of two phase fluid
    • Study of steady flow energy equation
    • Determination of wet steam condition by using throttling calorimeter

    Steam Motor & Energy Conversion Test Set

    Model No: TH15

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Steam Motor & Energy Conversion Test Set is designed to introduce principles of thermodynamics and energy conversion to students. This unit is self-contained, with all components mounted within a robust and mobile epoxy coated frame.

    This unit consists of:

    • Two-cylinder single acting steam engines
    • Boiler
    • Electric pump
    • Throttling calorimeter

    Experimental capabilities:

    • First and Second Law of Thermodynamics
    • Steam motor performance
    • Steam boiler and condenser performance
    • Marcet boiler experiment

    Thermal Ice Storage Chiller System

    Model No: RF171

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Ice Storage Chiller System is installed with industrial type components to demonstrate the working principle of a thermal ice storage.

    This unit consists of:

    • Compressor
    • Condenser
    • Evaporator
    • Ice thermal storage box
    • Air handling unit
    • Chilled water pump

    Experimental capabilities:

    • The possibility of the experiment on temperature, pressure, automatic control of the device with Ice Accumulation and mechanical trouble
    • The comprehension of refrigeration system with Ice thermal storage and device’s principle
    • The experiment on cycle change of refrigeration equipment according to temperature and Mollier diagram drawing in P-I diagram drawing part
    • Theoretical education and experiment related to efficiency test of deice and ice storage
    • Theoretical education of a fundamental circuit, application circuit and experiment with ice storage

    Two-Shaft Gas Turbine Unit

    Model No: TH20

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Two-Shaft Gas Turbine Unit is designed to provide the means for carrying out an extensive programme of experiments in gas turbine technology using the instrumentation provided.

    This unit consists of:

    • Single shaft compressor / turbine unit combustion chamber
      Power turbine
    • Ignition system
    • Oil tank with circulation pump
    • Cooler
    • Filter
    • Instrumentation for temperatures, pressures, flowrates, speeds and power measurements

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Understanding of functions and operations of a gas turbine
    • Determination of shaft power and fuel consumption
    • Performance of a two-shaft unit
    • Investigation of characteristics of individual components:

    i) Gas generator compressor
    ii) Combustion chamber
    iii) Power turbine

    Two-Stage Air Compressor Apparatus

    Model No: WT03

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Two-Stage Air Compressor Apparatus is designed to demonstrate the characteristics of single-stage and two-stage air compressor system.

    This unit consists of:

    • Two units of air compressors (individually driven by variable speed AC motors)
    • Water cooled intercooler
    • Air receiver tank

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Characteristics study of single-stage air compressor
    • Characteristics study of two-stage air compressor with/without intercooler
    • Investigation of the performance under various conditions (interstage pressure, intercooling performance and final compression pressure)
    • P-V diagram demonstration (optional)

    Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle

    Model No: RF166

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle is designed and constructed as a benchtop unit for students to study the thermodynamics of the vapour compression cycle.

    This unit consists of:

    • Compressor
    • Condenser
    • Evaporator
    • Expansion valve
    • Water flowmeter
    • Temperature sensors

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Demonstration of vapour compression refrigeration cycle with visual observation
    • Investigation/demonstration of the saturation pressure-temperature relationship during evaporation and condensation
    • Demonstration of ‘pumping over’ or ‘pumping down’ into the condenser
    • Generation of a refrigeration cycle diagram on a pressure-enthalpy chart

    Vapour Compression Refrigeration Trainer

    Model No: RF108

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Vapour Compression Refrigeration Trainer is designed and constructed as a benchtop unit for students to study the thermodynamics of the vapour compression cycle.

    This unit consists of:

    • Refrigerant compressor
    • Water-cooled condenser and evaporator
    • Variable setting expansion valve
    • Water reservoir

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Investigate the coefficient of performance
    • Perform comprehensive study of heat transfer process and a full energy balance across the system
    • Perform a thorough analysis of the refrigeration system by observing system response to change of different operating variables

    VRV System Simulation Unit

    Model No: AC154

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This VRV System Simulation Unit is designed for demonstration of operation and performance if Variable Volume (VRV) type air conditioning.

    This unit consists of:

    • Indoor Unit – Wall Mounted Duct Type
    • Outdoor Unit

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Demonstration of operation and performance if Variable Volume (VRV) type air conditioning
    • To explore the layout and function of all major components and control, review installation procedures and perform servicing and troubleshooting exercises
    • Diagnosis and overview of malfunction code

    Water Cooled Package Air Conditioner

    Model No: AC155

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Water Cooled Package Air Conditioner is installed with industrial type components to demonstrate the working principle of an actual air conditioning system.

    This unit consists of:

    • Compressor
    • Condenser
    • Evaporator
    • Cooling tower with pump and water tank

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Demonstration of air-conditioning system
    • Demonstration in repairing, servicing and maintenance of air conditioning system using industrial grade instrumentation tools

    Water Cooling Tower

    Model No: HE152

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Water Cooling Tower is designed to demonstrate the operation of a force draught cooling tower.

    This unit consists of:

    • Load tank with water make-up tank
    • Water circulation pump
    • Water distributor
    • Packed column
    • Air blower
    • Water collecting tray

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Water flow pattern and distribution
    • End state properties of water and air on the psychometric chart
    • Energy balance in the packed column
    • Cooling tower performance at different cooling water flowrate or heat load
    • Optional columns are also available for more in-depth study and performance comparison such as packed columns with different densities and tower characteristics.

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