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Renewable Energy

Axial Flow / Turbine Test Rig

Model No: FM60

Description:

This Axial Flow / Turbine Test Rig is designed to study the performance of a pump/turbine in four different modes of operation.

This unit consists of:

  • Pump/Turbines unit-mounted on a stand, complete with DC motor and speed controller
  • A complete set of pipe work
  • A differential manometer
  • An inline flowmeter

Experimental capabilities:

  • Reservoir Tank
  • Turbine outputs at design shaft speeds and constant head (output/flow characteristics)
  • Turbine efficiencies at optimum design shaft speed and constant head (efficiency/flow and efficiency/output characteristics)
  • General characteristics curves of the turbines under constant head at varying shaft speeds (iso-efficiency /curves) on parameters of unit speed and unit flow with lines of constant spear or guide vane opening
  • Runaway speed envelope curves at constant head and various openings
  • Determination of continuous ‘normal’ pump and ‘reverse’ turbine and pump characteristics curves
  • Observation of cavitations curves under pump and turbine duty

Biodiesel Chemical Process Pilot Plant

Model No: BP533

Description:

This Biodiesel Chemical Process Pilot Plant is a fully integrated system designed to provide students with basic understanding of a modern technology in converting selected raw materials into some desired chemical products. The pilot-plant consists of individual modules which can be run independently to fulfil some basic learning objectives such as heat transfer, distillation, measurement and control, reactor technology, etc. A typical reaction of converting palm oil into biofuel can be carried out when these modules are integrated and operated as one complete pilot-plant.

This unit consists of:

  • Heat Exchanger Unit
  • Batch Reactor Unit
  • Purification & Distillation Unit
  • Excess Feed Recovery Unit
  • By-product Removal Unit
  • Moisture Removal Unit
  • Process Utilities System

Bioethanol Pilot Plant

Model No: RE05

Description:

This Bioethanol Pilot Plant is designed to demonstrate the production of bioethanol from fermentation technology, which involves conversion of biomass to useful fuel.

This unit consists of:

  • Mash tank
  • Fermentation tank
  • Bioreactor control system
  • Transfer pumps
  • Distillation column

Experimental capabilities:

  • Study the effect of temperature on ethanol yield and cell growth (ideal 32 – 35 ºC)
  • Study the effect of pH on ethanol yield and cell growth
  • Study the effect of glucose concentration on ethanol yield and cell growth
  • Study the effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on ethanol yield and cell growth
  • Study the effect of stirring speed on ethanol yield and cell growth

Demonstration Pelton Turbine

Model No: FM41

Description:

This Demonstration Pelton Turbine unit provides a simple low cost introduction to turbine performance.

This unit consists of:

  • A miniature pelton wheel with spear valve arrangement mounted on a support frame, which is located on top of a hydraulic bench
  • A simple friction dynamometer (to absorb mechanical output from the turbine)
  • Experimental capabilities:
  • Determination of the operating characteristic of a Pelton turbine such as power, efficiency and torque at various speeds.

Francis Turbine Test Rig

Model No: FM30

Description:

This Francis Turbine Test Rig is a bench scale unit designed to allow students to study the characteristics of a Francis type turbine.

This unit consists of:

  • Water tank
  • Centrifugal pump with motor
  • Francis type turbine
  • Instrumentations for flow, motor speed, turbine speed, motor torque,
    motor power and pressure measurement

Experimental capabilities:

  • Power output curves
  • Iso-efficiency curve on flow graph
  • Torque, power and speed measurements
  • Overall efficiency
  • Energy conversion
  • Visualization of fluid flow

Fuel Cell Trainer

Model No: RE04

Description:

This Fuel Cell Trainer is designed to demonstrate the basic working principle of hydrogen fuel cell, which involves the conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy.

This unit consists of:

  • Solar panel (Mono- or Polycrystalline)
  • LED solar simulator
  • Solar charge controller
  • Battery
  • DC-to-AC inverter
  • Voltmeter and ammeter
  • Load centre (DC and AC load)

Experimental capabilities:

  • Functional and operating principles of hydrogen fuel cell
  • Determination of voltage-current density characteristics of hydrogen fuel cell
  • Determination of power output characteristics of hydrogen fuel cell
  • Determination of hydrogen fuel cell efficiency
  • Comparison of voltage-current density of hydrogen fuel cell connected to series or parallel load

Multi Turbine Test Set (3 Turbines)

Model No: FM46

Description:

This Multi Turbine Test Set (3 Turbines) unit is designed to demonstrate the operation of three types of turbines and their performance characteristics such as mechanical power, hydraulic power, hydraulic efficiency and specific speed. The turbines will be driven by a 3kW pump, together with dynamometer and data acquisition system (Optional).

This unit consists of:

  • Water Tank
  • Francis (radial flow) turbine
  • Kaplan (axial) turbine
  • Pelton (impulse) turbine
  • Pump
  • Dynamometer
  • Instrumentations for speed, power, pressure and flow measurement

Experimental capabilities:

Operation and performance characteristics of:

  • Francis (radial flow) turbine
  • Kaplan (axial) Turbine
  • Pelton (impulse) turbine

Experiments on:

  • Mechanical power out
  • Hydraulic power in
  • Hydraulic efficiency
  • Specific speed

Solar Energy Demonstration Unit

Model No: HE191

Description:

This Solar Energy Demonstration Unit is designed to demonstrate the principles of thermodynamics related to the field of solar energy. Students will be able to study the basic principles of the conversion of solar radiation into thermal energy.

This unit consists of:

  • Solar collectors
  • Light sources (sun light and halogen lamp)
  • Stainless steel water tank with pump

Experimental capabilities:

  • Measurement of output and efficiency of solar collector
  • Effect of different absorbent surfaces and insulations
  • Influence of source intensity and ambient characteristics
  • Effect of angle of inclination of the collector
  • Effect of water flowrate
  • Heat balance of overall system

Solar Photovoltaics Trainer

Model No: RE03

Description:

This Solar Photovoltaic Trainer is used to demonstrate the process of converting light energy to electrical energy using solar panels and the current-voltage characteristics in solar power system.

This unit consists of:

  • Solar Panel (Mono- or Polycrystalline)
  • LED solar simulator
  • Solar charge controller
  • Battery
  • DC-to-AC inverter
  • Voltmeter and ammeter
  • Load centre (DC and AC load)

Experimental capabilities:

  • To demonstrate functional and operating principles of solar PV modules
  • To determine electrical conversion efficiency relative to solar radiation
  • To measure solar panel output characteristics under load
  • To measure overall system performance under load
  • To examine battery charge management system
  • To learn the installation and testing of standalone PV system in direct operation
  • To learn the installation and testing of standalone PV system in storage operation
  • To learn the installation and testing of standalone PV system for 240 VAC voltage generation

Solar Power Cycle Unit

Model No: HE171

Description:

The Solar Power Cycle Unit has been designed to demonstrate the principles of thermodynamics as related to the field of solar energy. Students will be able to study the basic principles of the conversion of solar radiation into thermal energy.

The unit consists of:

  • A solar collector with removable front plate and adjustable angle of inclination
  • A water tank with heat exchangers
  • A variable intensity heat source
  • A water circulation pump

Experimental Capabilities:

  • To measure the output and efficiency of the solar collector
  • To study the effect of different absorbent surfaces
  • To study the influence of source intensity
  • To study the effect of angle of inclination of the collector
  • To study the influence of ambient characteristics
  • To study the effect of insulations
  • To study the influence of water flowrate
  • To perform heat balance of overall system

Wind Power Generation Trainer

Model No: RE02

Description:

This Wind Power Generation Trainer is designed to demonstrate to students not only the working principle of basic wind generation system, but also simulation of a wind generation system for standalone or grid-connected operation.

This unit consists of:

  • Wind turbine
  • Blower fan
  • Charge controller
  • Battery
  • DC-to-AC inverter
  • Voltmeter and ammeter
  • Load centre (AC and DC load)

Experimental capabilities:

  • Functional and operating principles of wind power generation
  • Determination of electrical conversion efficiency relative to wind power
  • Measurement of wind turbine power output characteristics under load
  • Measurement of overall system performance under load
  • Examination of battery charge management system
  • Installation and testing of standalone inverter system in direct operation
  • Installation and testing of standalone inverter in storage operation
  • Installation and testing of standalone inverter for the 230 VAC voltage generation

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