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Fundamentals of Heat Transfer

Cross Flow Heat Transfer

Model No: HE350

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Cross Flow Heat Transfer is designed for assists students to understand the basic principles of cross flow heat transfer.

This unit consists of:

  • Single tube
  • Tube bundle
  • Finned surface

Experimental capabilities:

  • Heat transfer coefficient
  • Nusselt number
  • Reynolds number
  • Prandtl number

Film and Dropwise Condensation Unit

Model No: HE163

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Film and Dropwise Condensation Unit demonstrates two types of condensation processes, namely filmwise and dropwise condensation.

This unit consists of:

  • Borosilicate steam chamber
  • Dropwise and filmwise condenser
  • Heating element
  • Air extraction system complete with air cooler, separator and water jet pump
  • Instrumentation for temperature, pressure and flowrate measurements

Experimental capabilities:

  • Visual observation of filmwise and dropwise condensation as well as nucleate boiling
  • Determination of heat transfer coefficients in both filmwise and dropwise condensation at different operating pressures
  • Investigation of the relationship between saturation pressure and temperature for water up to 100oC|Study on the effect of air on the rate of heat transfer in a condenser
  • Demonstration of Dalton’s Law

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Unit 

Model No: HE153

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Unit is designed to provide students with a clear visual demonstration of what is happening inside the vapour generating tubes of practical plants.

This unit consists of:

  • Duran and contra-flow concentric tube type heat exchanger
  • Condensing chamber with safety features
  • Vacuum pump/ejector

Experimental capabilities:

  • Demonstration of a heating process accompanied by vapor formation within a tube
  • Demonstration of two phase flow with increasing vapor content
  • Demonstration of the effect of air in condensers

Fluidisations and Fluid Bed Heat Transfer 

Model No: HE162

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Fluidisations and Fluid Bed Heat Transfer Unit Unit is designed to provides visual understanding and quantitative results on the flow of air through both packed and fluidized bed of granular material.

This unit consists of:

  • Borosilicate glass chamber fitted with distribution chamber, air distributor, electric heater, air filter and temperature sensors
  • Air flowmeter
  • Manometer

Experimental capabilities:

  • Investigation of the effect of supercritical velocity, depth of heater immersion, and particle size on the
  • surface heat transfer coefficient for a hot surface in a fluidized bed
  • Demonstration of separation by particle size and density

Forced Convection Heat Transfer Apparatus 

Model No: HE108

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Forced Convection Heat Transfer Apparatus is designed for students to inspect hypothesis and associated formulae related to forced convection in pipes.

This unit consists of:

  • Test Pipe|Motor Driven Fan
  • Manometer and orifice
  • Thermocouples
  • Control Panels

Experimental capabilities:

  • Examine the hypothesis and associated formulae related to forced convection in pipes
  • Calculation of the friction coefficient
  • Determination of the heat transfer coefficient
  • Measurements of mean air temperature at a chosen section of a heated pipe
  • Measurement of pressure drop in test length, fan delivery pressure and orifice pressure drop temperature

Free and Forced Convection Heat Transfer Unit 

Model No: HE106

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Forced Convection Heat Transfer Apparatus is designed for students to inspect hypothesis and associated formulae related to forced convection in pipes.

This unit consists of:

  • An air duct with variable speed fan
  • Three transfer surfaces: vertical plate, cylindrical pins and finned surface

Experimental capabilities:

  • Free convection heat transfer from a horizontal flat surface
  • Free and force convection from : vertical flat surface, extended surface of constant and varying cross section
  • Relationship between air velocity and surface temperature
  • Relationship between power dissipated and surface temperature

Heat Conduction Study Bench

Model No: HE105

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Heat Conduction Study Bench is designed to provides an introduction into the concepts of heat conduction using one dimensional conduction modules. The linear test section is supplied with interchangeable samples of conductors and insulators.

This unit consists of:

  • Linear conduction
  • Radial conduction
  • Instrumentations for temperature measurements

Experimental capabilities:

  • Effects of area, insulation, material and surface contact on heat conduction
  • Unsteady state conduction
  • Thermal conductivity of various solid materials

Heat Transfer in Agitated Vessel

Model No: HE185

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

This Heat Transfer in Agitated Vessel is dedicated to introduce students to the study of heat transfer in an agitated vessel with coil and stirrer.

This unit consists of:

  • Jacketed cylindrical vessel made of stainless steel with internal coil and agitator
  • Cold and hot water tanks with circulation pumps
  • Instrumentation for temperature and flowrate measurements

Experimental capabilities:

  • Jacket and coil heat transfer coefficients
  • Heat transfer rate in batch or continuous modes of operation
  • Nusselt number and Reynolds number

Heat Transfer Service Unit

Model No: HE111

Click below to see example:
SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

Description:

The Heat Transfer Service Unit can be connected to any of the seven optional heat transfer study units allow study of different modes of heat transfer.

The seven heat transfer study units are:

  • Linear Heat Transfer Accessory HE 111-A
  • Radial Heat Transfer Accessory HE 111-B
  • Radiant Heat Transfer and Exchange HE 111-C
  • Combined Convection and Radiation HE 111-D
  • Radiation Errors In Temperature Measurement HE 111-F
  • Unsteady State Heat Transfer Accessory HE 111-G

    Natural Convection and Radiation Unit

    Model No: HE107

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Natural Convection and Radiation Unit is designed to allow students to study the phenomena of heat transfer over a range of pressures and vacuum, and to determine the emissivity value of the heater element.

    This unit consists of:

    • Pressure Vessel
    • Heated Element
    • Vacuum pump
    • Control Panel

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Study the phenomena of heat transfer over a range of pressure and vacuum
    • Determination of emissivity value of the heater element
    • Measurement of pressure and temperatures
    • Verification and calculation of heat loss, emissivity and Stefan-Boltzman constant

    Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Unit

    Model No: HE154

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Unit is designed for vividly demonstrates two regimens of boiling, namely nucleate boiling and film boiling.

    This unit consists of:

    • Glass boiling vessel
    • Electrical heater with variable power input
    • Instrumentation for measuring heater power, temperature pressure and cooling water flowrate

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Calculation of heat flux and surface heat transfer coefficient
    • Determination of overall heat transfer co-efficient in a simple water-cooled coil and shell condenser
    • Study on the effect of air on the rate of heat transfer in a condenser
    • Demonstration of Dalton’s Law of partial pressure

    Radiation Heat Transfer Rig

    Model No: HE155

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Radiation Heat Transfer Rig is designed to provides students with knowledge in the fundamental laws governing heat transfer by radiation, such as: Inverse Square law Kirchhoff’s law Lamberts Cosine Law

    This unit consists of:

    • Mounting track with radiant and light source
    • Determination of overall heat transfer co-efficient in a simple water-cooled coil and shell condenser
    • Accessories complete with two metal plates with thermocouples, two aperture plates and three acrylic filters
    • Instrumentation which include radiometer, thermometer and light meter

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Relationship between temperature of a surface and rate of which heat is radiated
    • Effect of interconnecting geometry between radiating surfaces

    Temperature Measurement Apparatus

    Model No: HE151

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Temperature Measurement Bench is a complete, self-contained apparatus to demonstrate fundamental temperature measurement techniques.

    This unit consists of:

    • Mercury Glass Thermometer
    • Bimetallic Thermometer
    • Vapor Pressure thermometer
    • Surface Thermometer
    • Hygrometer
    • Thermocouples
    • RTD
    • Thermistors
    • Air Blower
    • Hot Water Bath

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Temperature measurement with different instruments
    • Peltier and Seeback thermoelectric effect
    • Reference junctions effect
    • Law of intermediate metals and temperatures

    Thermal Conductivity Experimental Apparatus

    Model No: HE115

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Conductivity Experimental Apparatus is a bench mounting apparatus to allow students to demonstrate the conduction along the metal test specimens.

    This unit consists of:

    • Base unit with a cooler
    • Separate control module
    • Vacuum gauge

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Demonstration of heat conduction along the metal test specimens
    • Determination of thermal conductivity of different test materials

    Thermal Conductivity of Building Materials Apparatus

    Model No: HE110

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Conductivity of Building Materials Apparatus is designed to determine the thermal conductivities of various building materials.

    This unit consists of:

    • Clamping device with heating plate
    • Interchangeable test materials
    • Instrumentations for temperature measurements

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of thermal conductivity of different materials
    • Determination of thermal conductivity of specimens connected in series

    Thermal Conductivity of Insulating Powder

    Model No: HE157

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Conductivity of Insulating Powder unit is designed for allows the determination of thermal conductivity of insulating powder.

    This unit consists of:

    • Three stainless steel test modules
    • Cartridge heater

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of thermal conductivity of insulating powder such as magnesium oxide, mica and kaolin.

    Thermal Conductivity of Insulating Powder

    Model No: HE157-A

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Conductivity of Insulating Powder unit is designed for allows the determination of thermal conductivity of insulating powder.

    This unit consists of:

    • Three stainless steel test modules
    • Cartridge heater

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of thermal conductivity of insulating powder such as magnesium oxide, mica and kaolin.

    Thermal Conductivity of Liquids and Gases

    Model No: HE156

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Conductivity of Liquid and Gases is designed to provides students with knowledge in the fundamental laws governing heat transfer by radiation, such as:

    This unit consists of:

    • All necessary measuring instruments
    • A test module (A plug and jacket assembly)

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of thermal conductivity of liquids and gases
    • Effect of incidental heal transfers

    Thermal Conductivity of Solid, Liquid and Gas

    Model No: HE116

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Conductivity of Solid, Liquid and Gas is designed to determine the thermal conductivity of various solids, liquids and gases.

    This unit consists of:

    • Test materials and heating plate for solids
    • Test modules for liquids and gases

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Determination of thermal conductivity of different materials
    • Determination of thermal conductivity of specimens connected in series
    • Determination of thermal resistance

    Thermal Conductivity of Solids

    Model No: HE118

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Thermal Expansion of Solids is designed to allow students to study the relationship between the length and the temperature of a solid.

    This unit consists of:

    • Longitudinal expansion apparatus
    • Thermometer
    • Steam Generator system

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Relationship between the length and temperature of a solid
    • Determination of linear expansion coefficient of different material of tubes
    • Measurements of the linear thermal expansion of tubes as a function of temperature

    Unsteady State Heat Transfer Unit

    Model No: HE178

    Click below to see example:
    SOLDAS®️ IR4.0SOLCAL®️ IR4.0

    Description:

    This Unsteady State Heat Transfer Unitis designed to allow students to run experiments on unsteady state heat transfer.

    This unit consists of:

    • A hot water bath
    • Solids with different shapes and built-in temperature sensors to monitor the temperature at the center of the shapes

    Experimental capabilities:

    • Analysis of heat flow using transient-temperature/heat flow charts
    • Effect of shape, size and material properties in unsteady heat flow
    • Thermal conductivities of different materials

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